What is the difference between Scottish oatmeal and steel cut oats? Which is more nutritious?

Scottish oats are ground from whole oat groats. They are not rolled, they are not cut, they are ground into a coarse meal, hence the original term oat-meal. The nutritional content of oat groats and Scottish oats will be similar since they are the least processed form of oats.

Are the various types of oatmeal nutritionally the same?

No, the different types of oatmeal are not at all the same in terms of nutrition. The very outermost portion of the oat - called the hull - is always removed before the oat is eaten. Once the hull has been removed, there are several more processing steps that can be taken. The least processed forms for oats are oat groats and steel-cut oats. Oat groats consist of the hulled but unflattened and unchopped oat kernels. Steel-cut oats are the same as oat groats, except for being chopped with steel blades. Because they are the least processed, these two forms of oats are also the most nutritious.

Old-fashioned oats are chopped, steamed, and rolled to give them their flatter shape. Because they are more processed, they are less nourishing than oat groats or steel-cut oats. However, they are still better sources of nourishment than most quick-cooking oats or instant oatmeal. Quick-cooking oats and instant oatmeal usually have their oat bran - the layer of the grain that's just beneath the hull - removed. Many vitamins and much of the fiber found in oats are contained within the bran, and so its removal is particularly problematic when it comes to nutritional value. Oat groats, steel-cut oats, and to a slightly lesser extent, old-fashioned or rolled oats would be your best choices here, with quick-cooking oats and instant oatmeal usually being less nourishing due to further processing and the removal of their bran.

privacy policy and visitor agreement | who we are | site map | what's new
For education only, consult a healthcare practitioner for any health problems.
© 2001-2014 The George Mateljan Foundation, All Rights Reserved