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The George Mateljan Foundation is a not-for-profit foundation with no commercial interests or
advertising. Our mission is to help you eat and cook the healthiest way for optimal health.
Each and every month at WHFoods, we rely on hundreds of research studies to keep you up-to-date on scientific information about food, nutrition, and health. (For more information about the role of science in our website content, please see Our Approach to Science Research). Among the featured sections of our website are 100 food profiles and 31 nutrient profiles. In terms of scientific review, we make these profiles one of our website priorities. In each of these profiles, you will find a dedicated References section that contains an alphabetized list of key scientific references involving that particular food or nutrient. In order to make all of these key food and nutrient research references available to you in a single place, we created this WHFoods Reference Library. You can use the radio buttons below to start with either Foods or Nutrients. Then simply choose the specific food or nutrient of interest, and click on it to obtain an alphabetized list of key research references.

Foods & Spices




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Mushrooms, crimini references

  • Adams LS, Phung S, Wu X et al. White button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) exhibits antiproliferative and proapoptotic properties and inhibits prostate tumor growth in athymic mice. Nutr Cancer. 2008;60(6):744-56. 2008.
  • Borchers AT, Krishnaumurthy A, Keen CL et al. The Immunobiology of Mushrooms. Exp Biol Med, Mar 2008; 233: 259 - 276. 2008.
  • Chandra L, Alexander H, Traoré D et al. White button and shiitake mushrooms reduce the incidence and severity of collagen-induced arthritis in dilute brown non-agouti mice. J Nutr. 2011 Jan;141(1):131-6. Epub 2010 Nov 24. 2011.
  • Chen S, Oh SR, Phung S et al. Anti-Aromatase Activity of Phytochemicals in White Button Mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). Cancer Res., Dec 2006; 66: 12026 - 12034. 2006.
  • Falandysz J. Selenium in edible mushrooms. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2008 Jul-Sep;26(3):256-99. 2008.
  • García MA, Alonso J and Melgar MJ. Lead in edible mushrooms: levels and bioaccumulation factors. J Hazard Mater. 2009 Aug 15;167(1-3):777-83. Epub 2009 Jan 23. 2009.
  • Giannenas I, Pappas IS, Mavridis S et al. Performance and antioxidant status of broiler chickens supplemented with dried mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) in their diet. Poult Sci. 2010 Feb;89(2):303-11. 2010.
  • Gohil VM, Agrawal SK, Saxena AK et al. Synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking of aryl hydrazines and hydrazides for anticancer activity. Indian J Exp Biol. 2010 Mar;48(3):265-8. 2010.
  • Grube BJ, Eng ET, Kao YC et al. White Button Mushroom Phytochemicals Inhibit Aromatase Activity and Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation. J. Nutr., Dec 2001; 131: 3288 - 3293. 2001.
  • Jeong SC, Jeong YT, Yang BK et al. White button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) lowers blood glucose and cholesterol levels in diabetic and hypercholesterolemic rats. Nutr Res. 2010 Jan;30(1):49-56. 2010.
  • Kim MY, Seguin P, Ahn JK et al. Phenolic compound concentration and antioxidant activities of edible and medicinal mushrooms from Korea. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Aug 27;56(16):7265-70. Epub 2008 Jul 11. 2008.
  • Kohno K, Miyake M, Sano O et al. Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties of 2-amino-3H-phenoxazin-3-one. Biol Pharm Bull. 2008 Oct;31(10):1938-45. 2008.
  • Komura DL, Carbonero ER, Gracher AH et al. Structure of Agaricus spp. fucogalactans and their anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties. Bioresour Technol. 2010 Aug;101(15):6192-9. Epub 2010 Apr 2. 2010.
  • Koyyalamudi SR, Jeong SC, Cho KY et al. Vitamin B12 is the active corrinoid produced in cultivated white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Jul 22;57(14):6327-33. 2009.
  • Koyyalamudi SR, Jeong SC, Song CH et al. Vitamin D2 formation and bioavailability from Agaricus bisporus button mushrooms treated with ultraviolet irradiation. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Apr 22;57(8):3351-5. 2009.
  • Kwok S, Yuan YC, Karlsberg K et al. Molecular basis of the chemoprotective effect of white button mushrooms against breast cancer. [Proc Amer Assoc Cancer Res, Volume 46, 2005] Prevention Research 3: Biological and Biochemical Mechanisms in Prevention. Abstract #1580. 2005.
  • Martin KR and Brophy SK. Commonly consumed and specialty dietary mushrooms reduce cellular proliferation in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2010 Nov 1;235(11):1306-14. Epub 2010 Oct 4. 2010.
  • Martin KR. Both common and specialty mushrooms inhibit adhesion molecule expression and in vitro binding of monocytes to human aortic endothelial cells in a pro-inflammatory environment. Nutr J. 2010 Jul 16;9:29. 2010.
  • Melgar MJ, Alonso J and García MA. Mercury in edible mushrooms and underlying soil: bioconcentration factors and toxicological risk. Sci Total Environ. 2009 Oct 1;407(20):5328-34. Epub 2009 Jul 24. 2009.
  • Mohapatra D, Bira ZM, Kerry JP et al. Postharvest hardness and color evolution of white button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). J Food Sci. 2010 Apr;75(3):E146-52. 2010.
  • Phung S, Ye J, Hur G et al. White button mushrooms and prostate cancer prevention. AACR Meeting Abstracts, Apr 2005; 2005: 1221. 2005.
  • Ramkumar L, Ramanathan T, Thirunavukkarasu P et al. Antioxidant and Radical Scavenging Activity of Nine Edible Mushrooms Extract. International Journal of Pharmacology Year: 2010 Vol: 6 Issue: 6 Pages/record No.: 950-953. 2010.
  • Ren Z, Guo Z, Meydani SN and Wu D. White button mushroom enhances maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells and their antigen presenting function in mice. J Nutr. 2008 Mar;138(3):544-50. 2008.
  • Roberts JS, Teichert A and McHugh TH. Vitamin D2 formation from post-harvest UV-B treatment of mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) and retention during storage. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Jun 25;56(12):4541-4. Epub 2008 Jun 4. 2008.
  • Shao S, Hernandez M, Kramer JK et al. Ergosterol profiles, fatty acid composition, and antioxidant activities of button mushrooms as affected by tissue part and developmental stage. J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Nov 24;58(22):11616-25. Epub 2010 Oct 20. 2010.
  • Shiuan C. Anticancer Activities of White Button Mushrooms. The Journal of Nutrition. Bethesda: Dec 2004. Vol. 134, Iss. 12S; pg. 3532S-3533S. 2004.
  • Smiderle FR, Sassaki GL, van Arkel J et al. High molecular weight glucan of the culinary medicinal mushroom Agaricus bisporus is an alpha-glucan that forms complexes with low molecular weight galactan. Molecules. 2010 Aug 25;15(8):5818-30. 2010.
  • Wu D, Pae M, Ren Z et al. Dietary supplementation with white button mushroom enhances natural killer cell activity in C57BL/6 mice. J Nutr. 2007 Jun;137(6):1472-7. 2007.
  • Yu S, Weaver V, Martin K et al. The effects of whole mushrooms during inflammation. BMC Immunol. 2009 Feb 20;10:12. 2009.
  • Zhu BZ, Mao L, Fan RM et al. Ergothioneine prevents copper-induced oxidative damage to DNA and protein by forming a redox-inactive ergothioneine-copper complex. Chem Res Toxicol. 2011 Jan 14;24(1):30-4. Epub 2010 Nov 3. 2011.

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